The pancreas : Overview
The pancreas is a fleshy gland located below the liver, between stomachand spine. The pancreas is made up of 3 parts: a “head” that is tucked into the duodenum (the upper part of the small intestine); a flattened, longer “body;” and a “tail” that is connected to the spleen. The pancreas has dual roles; it is an organ of the digestive system and of the endocrine (hormonal) system. The pancreas adds its own digestive juices and enzymes to the food, via a small duct attached to the duodenum. This process is said to belong to the ‘exocrine pancreas’. The pancreas also produces the hormone insulin, which helps to control the amount of sugar in the blood. This is the role of the ‘endocrine pancreas’.
Pancreatic surgery: Pancreas hasgot the peculiarity of auto digestion ( self destruction by its own secretion). Surgeries in this organ are difficult. May lead to leakage of pancreatic juice, pancreatitis & pancreatic fistula. Techniques should be meticulous and well planned to minimize the risk of complications.